 # Faster Way to Multiply any Number with Numbers from 11-20

Is there a faster way to multiply by 11? What about 14?

Let's take the following example:

1412 x 14 = 19768

The technique helps you finding digits from left to right as following:

• take the first digits of 1412 (which is 1) and write it down as it is; so the first digit of our product will become 1
• check which is the last digit of the number we are multiplying with (14); so the digit we will use is 4
• basically we will multiply with this "4" every digit in our number (1412) and add the resulting product with the next digit of our number (1412):
• "our 4" x the first digit (which is 1) = 4; this 4 + the next digit (which is 4) = 8; write down this digit
• "our 4" x the second digit (which is 4) = 16; this 16 + the next digit (which is 1) = 17; we write down 7 and the 1 just above the previous calculated digit (which was 8)
• "our 4" x the third digit (which is 1) = 4; this 4 + the next digit (which is 2) = 6; we write down 6
• "our 4" x the fourth and the last digit (which is 2) is 8;
• So basically our product is 18¹768; note that above the 8 we saved a 1 (from 17), so the second digit will be 8+1 instead of 8; that means the final product is 19768

Another example:

321 x 17 = 3²3¹57 = 5457

Note that the ² and ¹ on 3²3¹57 does not mean "power" but the number we saved in memory. How it works:

• we take the first digit from 321 and we write down that digit as it is: 3
• the last digit of the number we are multiplying with is 7; we start using that number from now on;
• 7 x the first digit of our number (3) = 21; we add to this 21 the next digit (which is 2) = 23; we write down the 3 and save into memory the 2
• 7 x the second digit of our number (2) = 14; we add to this 14 the next digit (which is 1) = 15; we write down 5 and save into memory 1
• 7 x the third digit of our number (1) = 7; we write down 7
• now we have something like 3²3¹57; write this number from right to left and get 5457

I was curious to find out which of the following methods works faster: that that we were taught in school or the one above? Well, that that we taught in school works little bit faster (2-3 seconds, maybe), but you need a pen.

The only advantage of the one above is that it allows you to do the same math without the pen and is just 2-3 seconds slower than the other one.

Now, if you think that this article was interesting don't forget to rate it. It shows me that you care and thus I will continue write about these things.

The following two tabs change content below.

#### Eugen Mihailescu

Founder/programmer/one-man-show at Cubique Software
Always looking to learn more about *nix world, about the fundamental concepts of math, physics, electronics. I am also passionate about programming, database and systems administration. 16+ yrs experience in software development, designing enterprise systems, IT support and troubleshooting.